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RBI Compliance Audit

Learn how Qunit services can help you to improve your Reserve Bank of India compliance.


The banking sector, including Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), faces significant cybersecurity risks and threats. Recognizing the importance of protecting customer data and ensuring the integrity of financial systems, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued guidelines for NBFCs to conduct IT audits and obtain attestation under the RBI IS Audit.

The RBI’s master directions highlight the need for NBFCs to prioritize cybersecurity measures and assess the effectiveness of their information technology infrastructure. By conducting security audits in line with RBI guidelines, NBFCs can enhance their resilience against cyber threats and ensure the security of customer data.

Key aspects of RBI guidelines for NBFC security audits:

IT Audit Requirement

RBI IS Audit

Cybersecurity Risk Assessment

Compliance with Security Controls

Incident Response and Reporting

Compliance Monitoring and Reporting

ISO 27001

What is ISO 27001?

ISO 27001 is a globally recognized security standard that provides a framework for establishing an effective Information Security Management System (ISMS). It is part of the ISO/IEC 27000 series of standards published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).

The ISO 27001 standard focuses on technical risk management controls and helps organizations establish, implement, operate, monitor, review, maintain, and improve their ISMS. It takes a risk-based and technology-neutral approach, allowing organizations to tailor their security controls according to their specific risks and needs.

Rather than prescribing a fixed list of controls, ISO 27001 provides a checklist of measures to consider and offers best practice recommendations outlined in ISO 27002. This flexible approach enables organizations to implement controls that align with their unique security requirements.

Even if your organization is not pursuing full ISO 27001 certification, familiarizing yourself with the standard and its controls is essential for following security best practices. Understanding the guidelines can help ensure that your organization adopts effective security measures and safeguards sensitive information.


ISO 27001 Annex A controls


ISO/IEC 27001 requirements

ISO 27001 Annex A provides a comprehensive set of 114 best practice controls that organizations can choose from to build an effective Information Security Management System (ISMS). These controls are divided into 14 clauses, covering various aspects of information security.

It’s important to note that since the 2013 update of ISO 27001, these controls are not mandatory. Instead, they serve as guidance for organizations during their risk assessments, allowing them to select and justify the controls that are most relevant and meaningful for their specific context.

The 14 control clauses of ISO 27001 Annex A are as follows:

A.5 - Information security policies

A.6 - Organisation of information security

A.7 - Human resource security

A.8 - Asset management

A.9 - Access control

A.10 - Cryptography

A.11 - Physical and environmental security

A.12 - Operations security

A.13 - Communications security

A.14 - System development and maintenance

A.15 - Supplier relationships

A.16 - Information security incident management

A.17 - Business continuity management

A.18 - Compliance laws and policies

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Enhanced Risk Management
Continuous Improvement
Stakeholder Trust
Improved Security Posture
Regulatory Compliance



At Qunit, we take a comprehensive and systematic approach to conducting RBI guidelines security audits in the NBFC sector. Our approach encompasses the following key steps:

We begin by assessing the current security posture of the organization against the RBI guidelines. This includes evaluating existing security controls, policies, procedures, and infrastructure to identify any gaps or areas of non-compliance.

We conduct a thorough risk assessment to identify and prioritize potential security risks and vulnerabilities specific to the NBFC sector. This helps organizations understand their risk landscape and allocate appropriate resources for risk mitigation.

We map the organization’s existing security measures and controls to the specific requirements outlined in the RBI guidelines. This helps identify areas of compliance and areas that require improvement or additional controls to meet the regulatory standards.

Based on the assessment and compliance mapping, we develop a tailored remediation plan that outlines specific actions and timelines for addressing identified gaps and achieving compliance. We work closely with organizations to ensure the plan aligns with their business objectives and resource capabilities.

We assist organizations in implementing the necessary security controls, policies, and procedures as outlined in the remediation plan. We conduct thorough testing to validate the effectiveness of the implemented measures and ensure they align with the RBI guidelines.

We conduct the security audit in line with the RBI guidelines, evaluating the organization’s compliance with the prescribed cybersecurity standards. We assist organizations in obtaining attestation from RBI under the RBI IS Audit framework to validate their adherence to the guidelines.

We provide ongoing monitoring and support to help organizations maintain their compliance with the RBI guidelines. This includes periodic assessments, security updates, and guidance on evolving regulatory requirements.



FAQ: RBI Guidelines Security Audit for NBFC Sector

An RBI guidelines security audit is crucial for NBFCs to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements, protect sensitive customer data, mitigate cybersecurity risks, and maintain the integrity of financial systems. It helps organizations demonstrate their commitment to security and regulatory compliance.

All NBFCs (Non-Banking Financial Companies) are required to undergo an RBI guidelines security audit as per the directive issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). This includes both large and small NBFCs operating in the financial sector.

The key objectives of an RBI guidelines security audit are to assess the effectiveness of an NBFC’s information security controls, identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses, ensure compliance with RBI guidelines, and recommend measures to strengthen security and mitigate risks.

The frequency of RBI guidelines security audits may vary based on factors such as the size of the NBFC, the nature of operations, and regulatory requirements. It is generally recommended to conduct security audits at least annually or as per the RBI’s guidelines.

RBI guidelines security audits are typically conducted by experienced and qualified cybersecurity professionals or specialized auditing firms with expertise in the financial sector and knowledge of RBI guidelines. It is essential to engage experts who are familiar with the specific security challenges faced by NBFCs.

The deliverables of an RBI guidelines security audit typically include a comprehensive assessment report highlighting the findings, identified vulnerabilities, recommendations for improvement, and a roadmap for remediation. The audit report serves as a valuable reference for addressing security gaps and achieving regulatory compliance.


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